The Northern Lights are a special Nordic experience in the winter

The Northern Lights are a special Nordic experience in the winter

Lola Akinmade Åkerström/Imagebank.sweden.se

Lola Akinmade Åkerström/Imagebank.sweden.se

What are the Northern Lights

At least once in a lifetime, one must see the play of the myriad waves of colours that are the Northern Lights in the dark sky.

But how does this adventure phenomenon actually arise on the sky in the Nordic countries?.  


What are the Northern Lights?

The Northern Lights also named Aurora Borealis is an atmospheric phenomenon that's tied to explosive events on the sun's surface, known as solar flares. Those flares produce a stream of charged particles, the "solar wind," which shoots off into space.

When such a wind intersects with Earth's magnetic field, most of the particles are deflected; some, however, are sent into the upper atmosphere, where they collide with gas molecules such as nitrogen and oxygen.

The resulting reactions produce glowing colours. The aurora is most commonly a pale green, but its borders are sometimes tinged with pink, purple, or blue. Especially rare is the all-red aurora, which appears when charged solar particles collide with oxygen molecules from 50 to 200 miles above Earth's surface.


Where & when?

The amazing glowing colours can be seen approximately between October and March every on clear nights. The most popular Nordic destinations to spot the Northern Lights are located above the Arctic Circle and a lot of local tour operators offers special Northern Light tour during the season. Famous destinations to be mentioned, Rovaniemi, Reykjavik, Kiruna and Tromsø.

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Useful Nordic Tips

Useful Nordic Tips

Time: Nordic countries are the Central European Time Zone. Central European Time (CET) is 1 hour ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+1). 
Post: Post offices are located in all major communities in Nordic countries. Business hours are different for which country you visit.  
Tipping: The cost of service and VAT is included in all prices at restaurants, hotels, taxis, hairdressers, etc. Tipping is therefore not customary, but tips are still appreciated when offered.
Laundry: Most hotels offer some laundry or dry-cleaning services for a fee. There are also coin-operated...

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