Vikings in the Nordic countries
The era known as the Viking age lasted for more than 300 years, from the late 8th century to the late 11th Century.
Nearly all Nordic`s flowing with some Viking blood. When you look at the preferences from the Vikings, then you will find a dramatic fascinating story of ruthless pirates closely linked to their role as masters of the sea.
However this does not complete the story of the Vikings. They were also poets, farmers, lawmakers and great artists. Their superior ships explored unknown seas and they settled new lands. You will find incredible stories and landmarks of the Vikings throughout the Nordic area from coastal cities and regions like Ribe in south of Denmark to Lofoten in northern Norway.
How did the vikings live
Even if the Vikings were known abroad as ruthless pirates, the story tells via remarkable findings how the Vikings population was rapidly growing where they conquered lands. They lived in a well-ordered society, based on laws and democracy.
There was a clear social hierarchy by the Vikings called Jarls, Karls and Thralls. The Jarl was owner of land with great economic power, free-holding farmers with the right to bear arms and attend the Ting, and slaves who had no rights.
The Ting, or the general assembly, was responsible for maintaining law and order, and is by many considered to be one of the first true democratic organs in history. Learned men quoted the laws, and then lawsuits were heard. In simple cases everyone present, often hundreds of people, judged, and in important cases 12 chosen men judged. This is considered the beginning of the modern jury system.
The women held a remarkable strong position in Viking society and were responsible for the farm when their men were abroad. They were also very clever and impressive in the development of clothing and textiles. If her husband took the keys from his wife, she could divorce him instantly, and keep their shared property. No women were forced into marriages, unlike most other cultures at that time.
Weapons and the famous Viking helmet
Vikings were as said also skilled craftsmen and developed effective weapons. Remarkable findings tell about swords, axes, bows, arrows and spears. Defensive weapons included helmets, shields and Armor.
When you see a Viking in comics, games and movies, he has often horned helmet. But the real Vikings bar actually useful effective helmets without horns. Of course it`s promote a unique picture of the barbaric Vikings and Nordic mythology. For large festivals and parades, the horn helmet also is much favoured by all and very popular souvenir to take home.
The Viking Ship
The Viking ship was an important part of culture, and all Vikings had a close contact to their boats. You can say it this way, no Viking boats-no Vikings. The boat construction was very effective in connection with war and raids, but it was also very robust and manoeuvrable. In addition the boat contained much regarded to trade. Fighting against all kind of weather combine with the risk to be hidden by an opponent, The Vikings showed a special courage and determination to survive and win, regarding the construction of their totally open Viking ships.
Jewellery of the Vikings
The Danes are looking back on the traditional craft and silver production with pride and this tradition and this can be traced back to the Viking Age silver culture flourish.
Today Denmark’s famous silver jewellery brands is famous companies like Georg Jensen and Pandora.