When it comes to dressing for cold weather, it is about layering and using the appropriate materials. Here is some good advice on how to handle the Nordic weather.
When you have to dress for chilly temperatures, the key is layering because it gives you the flexibility, as the temperature changes, to add or remove layers.
For temperatures above 13 deg C, you can get away with keeping the layers minimal and thin, and here a light cotton cardigan with a wool-blend coat above should suffice. It is always a good idea to wear a pair of high-leather boots and gloves to provide warmth.
When temperatures drop, it is important to wear suitable fabrics.
As innerwear, it is comfortable to have some made of polyester, acrylic, rayon or cashmere because it is breathable, wicks the sweat away, and keeps you warm.
When the wind can be quite chill, it is also nice to bring a waterproof jacket for rainy days.
For those battling wind chill, a down or padded waterproof jacket is also a must, as air pockets trap warm air and retain heat while offering protection from the wind.
Waterproof shoes, woollen socks and touchscreen-usage-enabled gloves are also suitable accessories to add to the mix, so the hands and feet are never exposed.
The material of inner and outerwear becomes crucial when the temperatures go towards freezing. Here will, wool, down, and fleece be a good choice.
The outermost layer must be completely waterproof, as well as your gloves and shoes. Always have a scarf and a beanie when it is so essential to keep the head and neck warm.
If temperatures fall below minus 4 deg C, it is essential to put on more layers and get more insulation with a dual-layer hooded jacket that can be unzipped to expel excess heat if you are doing activities such as skiing or trekking,"
These layers can be zipped up again once you are more sedentary. Also, keep your head and ears warm when you are inactive with at least two layers.
Here it is essential to have some waterproof boots instead of shoes.