How to dress for cold weather

When it comes to dressing for cold weather, it is about layering and using the appropriate materials.

Here, we give you some good advice on how to dress and handle the Nordic and Scandinavian weather in the Nordic countries.

No matter the occasion, embracing layers on chilly days is a smart move. Whether braving a frigid warehouse or enjoying wintry weekends under canvas, layering is key to staying warm. Consider these four simple steps for dressing in cold weather, selecting the right layers and gear to keep you snug and cosy.


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Between 5 to 10 deg C

What type of fabric is recommended for innerwear when the temperature is between 5 to 10 degrees C? When temperatures drop, it is important to wear suitable fabrics. 

As innerwear, it is comfortable to have some made of polyester, acrylic, rayon or cashmere because it is breathable, wicks the sweat away, and keeps you warm.

When the wind can be quite chill, bringing a waterproof jacket for rainy days is also nice.

For those battling wind chill, a down or padded waterproof jacket is also a must, as air pockets trap warm air and retain heat while offering protection from the wind.

Waterproof shoes, woollen socks and touchscreen-usage-enabled gloves are also suitable accessories to add to the mix so the hands and feet are never exposed.


Between 0 to 5 deg C

The material of inner and outerwear becomes crucial when the temperatures go towards freezing. Here, wool, down, and fleece will be good choices.

The outermost layer must be completely waterproof, as well as your gloves and shoes. Always have a scarf and a beanie when keeping the head and neck warm is essential.


Below 0 deg C

What type of fabric is recommended for outerwear when the temperature is below 0 deg C? 

If temperatures fall below minus 4 degrees C, it is essential to put on more layers and get more  insulation with a dual-layer hooded jacket that can be unzipped to expel excess heat if you are doing activities such as skiing or trekking,"

These layers can be zipped up again once you are more sedentary. Also, keep your head and ears warm with at least two layers when inactive.

Here, it is essential to have some waterproof boots instead of shoes.


4 steps about layering

When you have to dress for chilly temperatures, the key is layering because it gives you the flexibility, as the temperature changes, to add or remove layers.

For temperatures above 13 degrees C, you can get away with keeping the layers minimal and thin, and here, a light cotton cardigan with a wool-blend coat above should suffice. Wearing high-leather boots and gloves to provide warmth is always a good idea.


Step 1: Foundation layer

Commence with a layer that directly touches your skin. The pivotal factor here is managing moisture—choose the fabric that efficiently draws moisture away from your skin to maintain dryness and warmth. Base layers encompass various garments, from briefs and sports bras to thicker sets of long underwear.

Consider your activity level, as it impacts the ideal warmth of your base layer. For minimal movement, opt for an extra-warm and comfortable choice, such as a set of long underwear. Engaging in activities with more movement may warrant a lighter option, like a moisture-wicking shirt.

Remember, base layers aren't solely for your upper body; safeguarding your lower half is equally essential.


Step 2: Insulating layer

The insulating layer is designed to retain body heat and ensure warmth. Fleece stands out as the prevailing fabric choice for this layer, offering warmth without excessive bulkiness.

Maintaining warmth in your core is crucial—when your core stays warm, it promotes better circulation to your extremities. Vests serve as adaptable layers suitable for various temperatures and activities, keeping your core warm while allowing unrestricted movement for your arms.


Step 3: Protective outer layer

The outermost layer, known as the shell, serves as your shield against the elements. Tailored to your activity, it should offer wind resistance, waterproofing, and optional extra insulation. An essential attribute of the outer shell is its breathability, allowing moisture to evaporate from the base and mid-layers, thus preserving comfort.


Step 4: Gloves, Footwear, and hats

Even with the ideal layering, ensuring warmth for your extremities necessitates gloves, footwear, and a hat! Exposed skin easily chills, so ensuring comprehensive coverage is crucial. As you consider your layers, factor in the tasks you'll be performing and the prevailing temperatures.

When preparing for cold conditions, prioritize insulated boots. Insulated work boots commonly provide protective attributes such as composite toe and slip-resistant soles, offering warmth and safety on slippery surfaces. As for insulated gloves, opt for performance work gloves—they balance warmth and dexterity, ensuring comfort without hindering your tasks.